Good speaking, listening and thinking skills are important to success in school. A speech-language pathologist (SLP) can help students who have problems with these skills. The following are the areas that an SLP assists with:
The actual physical production of speech sounds. An articulation problem occurs when a child has difficulty pronouncing sounds. Example: a lisp)
The sound produced as a result of vibration of the vocal cords. A voice disorder may occur when an individual’s pitch, loudness, or
vocal quality seems inappropriate. (Example: hoarse, raspy, nasal voice)
The smoothness with which sounds, syllables, words, and phrases are joined in oral language.
How a person expresses language. (Example: speaking and writing)
How a person understands language. (Example: listening, following instructions, reading) Receptive and Expressive language may be divided into the following three areas:
- semantics (vocabulary)
- syntax (grammar)
- pragmatics (social skills)
What a Speech-Language Pathologist does:
- Receives referrals from schools for services.
- Identifies and Evaluates students with speech and language problems.
- Plans and Conducts activities to improve a student’s speaking, listening and other language skills.
- Collaborates with parents, teachers, caregivers, and other professionals in understanding and meeting a student's speech, language and academic needs.
- Monitors and Documents the effectiveness of treatment and student progress.
How are Services Provided?
Team or Individual Consultation
Based on observation and/or input from other team members, SLPs offer advice on the management of children with communication problems.
Assessment and Consultation
The SLP will assess students who have been referred. They will give recommendations to parents and teachers. If necessary, they will refer the student to an outside agency.
Direct work with teachers, educational assistants, resource teachers, and parents to assess program needs in communication and learning. Direct ongoing therapy is typically provided by an educational assistant, under the supervision of the speechlanguage pathologist.
Providing a Stimulating Language Environment:
It is important for children to be surrounded by language and literature.
Read With Your Child
Encourage your child to enjoy books.
- Read to your child on a daily basis
- Take your child to the library/bookstore
- Give books as gifts so your child can build his/her own library
- Stories can be used to promote good language skills, the foundation upon which children learn to read.
Talk With Your Child
Do this as frequently as possible so that your child has an opportunity to enjoy communication and practice language skills.
- Talk about what you see.
- Talk about what you hear.
- Talk about what you’re doing (when engaged in an activity).
- Talk about what your child is doing.
- Talk, talk, talk.
Children learn language by hearing language!
Download Speech-Language services brochure: Speech-Language.pdf